The Sustainable Development Goals in Iraq
The Sustainable Development Goals are a global call to action to end poverty, protect the earth’s environment and climate, and ensure that people everywhere can enjoy peace and prosperity. These are the goals the UN is working on in Iraq:
07 August 2022
UNAMI Office of Electoral Assistance holds workshop on gender mainstreaming in election process for the Independent High Election Commission staff
The UNAMI Office of Electoral Assistance Field Office advisors recently organized and facilitated a two-day workshop titled ‘Gender mainstreaming in elections’ for the Independent High Election Commission (IHEC) staff in Erbil, Duhok and Sulaymaniyah Governorate Election Offices (GEOs). The workshop was held in Erbil from 1 - 2 August and covered several important topics on gender in elections including equality, equity and gender in general, electoral legislation, gender quota and violence committed against women in elections. Through this training, participants gained knowledge and understanding on the experiences of men and women in the electoral process, emphasizing the importance of women's participation in electoral processes and democracy building, providing the tools for the GEOs’ staff to analyse electoral processes and elections from the gender perspective. Workshop hosted total of 16 participants of which six were female staff. The IHEC GEO staff included GEO managers, heads of training units and public outreach staff. In addition, five Field Coordination Officers from IHEC HQ and two from the Kurdistan Regional Electoral Office (KREO) attended the training.
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19 August 2022
Commemorating 19th anniversary of attack on its HQ in Baghdad, UNAMI reaffirms commitment to the people of Iraq
The 19th of August is a day that is deeply etched in the collective memory of UNAMI and the United Nations as a whole. On this day in 2003, a bombing targeted the headquarters of the UN mission in Baghdad, killing 22 of our colleagues, including Special Representative Sérgio Vieira de Mello, and injuring about 150 others. The victims were UN staff working to support the country’s post-conflict recovery. Since 2009, the day has been designated World Humanitarian Day, which is marked annually to recognize the essential work of humanitarians worldwide. As we in the UN Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) remember the souls lost, the injured and the families who continue to carry the scars of that tragedy, we also recall the goal behind their ultimate sacrifice, the same goal we reaffirm today: support to the people of Iraq. Iraq has experienced countless difficulties in recent years, with the ongoing political crisis only the most recent protracted challenge. However, none of the current disagreements are impossible to resolve, nor can be considered more important than the national interest. The many sacrifices made to restore Iraq’s standing should not go in vain: all efforts should be mobilized towards dialogue and solutions for the greater good of the people.
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03 September 2022
Enhancing the prisons staff skills on the Risks and Need Assessment Protocols and Sentence Planning to Develop Policies and Protocols for the Implementation and Operationalization of These Targeted RNA Protocols in Prison
Within the framework of the Returning Foreign Terrorist Fighter Detention Program, (FTF), funded by the U.S. Government and under UNODC Regional Office for the Middle East and North Africa, UNODC-Iraq and Vienna-HQ, launched the two training workshops on the ’Risks and Needs Assessment (RNA) Protocols in Prisons and the Related Sentence Planning’ and ‘Developing policies and protocols for the implementation and operation of a specified RNA for terrorist and FTF prisoners to mitigate the threats posed by terrorist and FTF prisoners within the broader prison context’ for the managers and staff of prisons and reform centres under the jurisdiction of the Iraq Federal Government. Taking place from 14-20 August, through coordination with the Ministry of Justice, the workshops enhanced the development of well selected, trained, motivated staff, and reiterated the importance of interventions for prisoners. They included 61 participants encompassing prison managers, social workers, and prison officers along with a participant from MoFA. The workshops were conducted by Mr. Joseph Jhugroo, Head of the FTF program in Iraq, together with support from Mr Shah Khan, Head of the UNODC FTF program in Tajikstan, and selected experts from Bulgaria, Germany, and Canada. The organisation was undertaken by Ms. Saja Abdulsahib, Project Assistant, UNODC. The training achieved two major objectives; gaining in-depth knowledge and understanding of the challenges, needs and priorities of the penitentiary systems in Iraq, and supporting Prison administrations to increase their capacity to classify terrorist and FTF prisoners effectively by applying individualized RNA and to follow-up on classification findings in terms of allocation, categorization and rehabilitation/disengagement programs. The need for rehabilitation and reintegration of FTFs and Violent and Extremist Offenders (VEOs) to be understood as the responsibility of a diverse group of professions working in cooperation was highlighted, together with recognition of the important distinctions between male and female FTFs and that the needs of women in detention should include consideration of their children. A detailed examination took place of the links between the diagnosis required for structured sentence planning and the identification of individual risks and needs of a radicalized inmate. The training concluded with several recommendations including the need for dynamic security training and the formation of a Task force of qualified representatives from relevant bodies to work on the development of policies and protocols for RNA in the prison system. Additionally, the participants highlighted the desire for an in-depth study of female FTFs in their facilities. Through continued partnerships with local authorities, the UNODC aims to strengthen Iraq’s institutional capacity to develop and integrate the relevant RNA instruments into practice, enabling prison staff to perform their tasks in and effective, professional manner to manage and mitigate the threats posed by terrorists and FTF prisoners. International best practices will be examined and adapted to the local context.
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06 September 2021
United Nations Sustainable Development Cooperation Framework IRAQ (UNSDCF)
For decades, Iraq has suffered political instability caused by armed conflict, waves of internal displacement, and the resulting socio‐economic crises. The decline in the oil prices, on which the Government2is heavily dependent, the proliferation of armed actors operating outside State control, and the COVID‐19 pandemic exacerbated existing vulnerabilities. The youth popular uprisings, which started in October 2019, called for improved governance system, meaningful political reforms, economic growth, accountable political institutions and job opportunities.
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26 July 2022
Statement to the Security Council (A.O.B) SRSG Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert | Tuesday 26 July 2022
Thank you for the opportunity to provide an update on recent tragic events in Zakho District, Dohuk Governorate, resulting in the loss of nine civilian lives and injuring 33 others. In my most recent briefing to this Council, I questioned - and not for the first time - the use of “shelling and missiles as the new normal for Iraq”, warning that this was a “very risky way to advance interests, and one which further weakens the State of Iraq”. *** Well, here is what we know so far. In the early afternoon of 20 July, five rounds of artillery struck Parkha resort. This resort is a well-known tourist destination. And as would be expected at this time of year, it was packed with visitors - including children. The first round impacted on an unpopulated hillside overlooking Parkha. However, the next rounds hit the centre of the resort, killing - as I said - nine civilians (including three children, one of whom was a one-year-old infant) and injuring 33. Eleven of the injured have reportedly undergone surgery and three remain in critical condition. Immediately following the attack, Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi established a committee. The same day, this committee visited the site of the attack to witness the devastation, to collect evidence and to engage with witnesses and local authorities. Based on its assessment of the evidence collected, the Government of Iraq, in the clearest of terms, attributed the tragic events to Turkish armed forces. In the meantime, the Turkish Foreign Ministry issued a press release, stating that “Türkiye is against all kinds of attacks targeting civilians”, that it “is ready to take all steps to reveal the truth”, inviting “Iraqi government officials not to make statements under the influence of the rhetoric and propaganda of the treacherous terrorist organization and to cooperate in bringing the real perpetrators of this tragic incident into light”. The next day, on social media, the Turkish Embassy in Baghdad stated, “we join our condolences for our Iraqi brothers who were martyred at the hands of the terrorist organization PKK”. Meanwhile, also on 20 July, the PKK issued a statement denying presence in the area, blaming Türkiye for the attack. *** Mr. President, In response to the tragic events, Iraq’s National Security Council held an emergency session the same day. This Council strongly condemned the “Turkish attack” and rejected the use of Iraqi territory as a base to attack neighbouring countries and “settle accounts”. Among other directives issued, the Foreign Minister was tasked with preparing an integrated file on the “repeated Turkish attacks” against Iraq as well as to summon the Turkish Ambassador and recall the Iraqi Chargé d'Affaires from Ankara, without sending a new ambassador to Türkiye. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs noted that Iraq’s government would “resort to the highest levels of diplomatic response”, including the UN Security Council. On 21 July, Iraqi leaders from across the political spectrum held a high-level meeting and issued a joint statement condemning the “Turkish attack” and “supporting the procedures for international complaints”. On 23 July, Prime Minister Mustafa al- Kadhimi met with KRG Prime Minister Masrour Barzani. In a joint statement issued after the meeting, the two sides expressed their “strong condemnation of the Turkish aggressions on Iraqi territory”. Also on 23 July, the Council of Representatives convened to discuss the incident in the presence of the Foreign and Defence Ministers, the Army Chief of Staff as well as the Deputy Commander of Joint Operations. In his presentation to parliament, the Foreign Minister noted that more than 22,700 Turkish violations of Iraqi sovereignty had been recorded since 2018. He also stated that the Foreign Ministry had submitted 296 memoranda of protest against Turkish “interference” since 2018. During the same meeting, the parliamentary Security and Defence committee recommended the expulsion of PKK elements from Iraq, the withdrawal of all Turkish forces, the redeployment of federal forces along the border with Türkiye, the abolition of security agreements - if any - with Türkiye, and a review of the defence budget to enhance its military capabilities. In essence: while no one wishes for further escalation, Iraq demands that Türkiye withdraws its forces from all Iraqi lands and calls for an investigation. *** Mr. President, This horrific attack on a well-known and clearly identifiable tourist site demonstrates a shocking disregard for civilian life and for the universally accepted standards of international humanitarian and human rights law which seek to protect civilians. While all parties to any conflict must take all feasible precautions to avoid harm to civilians at all times, this was clearly not adhered to. In my conversation with Iraq’s Prime Minister yesterday, he once again emphasized the importance of a transparent and thorough investigation: independent or jointly. It is vital, he said, to put a stop to speculations, denials, misunderstandings and rising tensions. Meanwhile, I do understand that Türkiye is also ready to address the issue jointly, with Iraq, in order to determine exactly what happened. *** In conclusion, Mr. President, and as I have said many times in past years, Iraq rightfully rejects the notion that it can be treated as an arena for external and regional rivalries - as an arena where neighbours, and any other actor for that matter, routinely, and with impunity, violate its sovereignty and territorial integrity. Indeed, it is of the greatest importance that all attacks on Iraqi territory cease. Such aggression not only recklessly heightens national and regional tensions but also causes, as we have seen, grave human tragedies. Thank you, Mr. President.
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